The Power of Explaining: A Study Strategy Backed by Research

If you’re studying for the Series 65, Series 7, or another securities licensing exam, try this evidence-based study strategy. Continue reading

Solomon Exam Prep’s learning system is built on understanding how people learn. Solomon Exam Prep is always looking for new ways to help our students.  

Research from Dr. Tania Lombrozo of UC Berkeley, published in the journal Trends in Cognitive Science, shows that explaining a new concept to another person is an enormously helpful learning technique. When you explain an unfamiliar concept to another person, your brain makes crucial learning connections. However, many people do not have a person around them that is ready to listen to their new knowledge. Thus, Dr. Lombrozo recommends self-explanation, which is the practice of explaining concepts to yourself in order to better understand them.

Why does explaining work?

Dr. Lombrozo found that the positive effects of self-explanation can be attributed to the generalization process. Explaining requires you to put new information in the context of “prior beliefs,” which makes you generalize the information. In doing so, you are forced to pick out what is most necessary for understanding the concept. In thinking about how to explain something, you in fact learn more about the thing itself!  

Dr. Lombrozo describes an experiment by psychologists Amsterlaw and Wellman that demonstrates the power of explaining in understanding. In Amsterlaw and Wellman’s experiment, they administered logic tests to children under various conditions. During the course of the experiment, the children were split into groups. One group would answer, and then they would be asked to explain the correct answer once it was revealed. A comparison group did the same, but only for half the problems. The third group was a control group and gave no explanation at all. According to Amsterlaw and Wellman, “children in the explanation condition significantly outperformed the comparison and control groups….” In other words, explaining increases understanding.

How to use this strategy for licensing exams:

What does this mean if you’re studying for the Series 65 or the Series 7 or some other securities licensing exam? Solomon Exam Prep suggests finding someone in your life who will listen to you explain topics from your securities exam prep. The person you choose does not need to have any knowledge of securities. The person just needs to be a good listener; even better, someone who will ask questions. What if you don’t have anyone who can do that for you? Well, as Dr. Lombrozo showed, the practice of self-explanation is also helpful and will increase your understanding of the material you are trying to learn.

Other recommended Solomon study strategies include:  
  • Listen to the Solomon audiobook while you read the Solomon study guide.   
  • As you read the Solomon study guide and watch the Solomon video lectures, take notes by hand.
  • When practicing in the Solomon exam simulator, read and re-read the question at least twice. 
  • If you answer a question correctly, explain to yourself why it was correct before reading the question rationale.  
  • If you answer a question incorrectly, read the rationale carefully. Explain to yourself what the right answer is, and why. Write down the explanation in your notes. 
  • Study with a partner. Trade off testing each other on concepts and asking for an explanation.  

Solomon Exam Prep has helped thousands pass their securities licensing exams, including the SIE and the Series 3, 6, 7, 14, 22, 24, 26, 27, 28, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 63, 65, 66, 79, 82 and 99.

Solomon Exam Prep SIE Practice Exam Now Available!

Meet the newest addition to Solomon Exam Prep’s lineup of free Sample Quizzes: the SIE Sample Exam! Visit the Solomon website to try it out. Continue reading

Meet the newest addition to Solomon Exam Prep’s lineup of free Sample Quizzes: the SIE Sample Exam! Like all Solomon Sample Quizzes, the SIE Sample Exam features questions from our industry-leading Online Exam Simulator. Questions are written by Solomon content experts, who are experienced in both investment education and the process of adult learning. 

But unlike other Solomon Sample Quizzes, the SIE Sample Exam is a FULL exam – it contains 75 questions, just like the real FINRA SIE exam – giving you an even better idea of what the actual exam is like. You will encounter easy, medium, and difficult questions so that you can more easily gauge your current knowledge of SIE content. 

All Solomon Sample Quizzes and Exams also provide instant feedback for each answer, with a full rationale to help you understand the WHY behind the what. Plus, you get a report at the end detailing your results and giving you the opportunity to review all the questions. 

Visit the Solomon website here to try out the SIE Sample Exam and explore free samples of quizzes for 21 different exams.

Solomon Study Question of the Month for April

This month’s study question from the Solomon Exam Prep Online Exam Simulator question database is now available. Continue reading

Study Question

This month’s study question from the Solomon Online Exam Simulator question database is now available.

*** Comment below or submit your answer to info@solomonexamprep.com to be entered to win a $20 Starbucks gift card.***

This question is relevant to the SIE and the Series 7, 14, 50, 52, and 54.

Question: A Municipal Finance Professional (MFP) hosted a $500 plate fundraiser for a governmental issuer. Does this event trigger a ban on business for two years?

A. Yes, it will trigger a ban because an MFP may not host a fundraiser.

B. Yes, it will trigger a ban because the cost per plate is above the de minimis amount.

C. No, it will not trigger a ban because the MFP did not contribute money, only time and space.

D. No, it will not trigger a ban because the MFP was holding the fundraiser, not the municipal dealer.


To explore free samples of Solomon Exam Prep’s industry-leading online exam simulators for the SIE, Series 7, Series 14, Series 50, Series 52, Series 54, and other FINRA, MSRB, NASAA, and NFA exams, visit the Solomon website here.

What is a SPAC and should you care about it for the FINRA Series 79 exam?

SPACs have grown by leaps and bounds in recent years, and the growth is only accelerating. What will this mean for regulations and the Series 79 exam? Continue reading

It sounds like a securities-industry riddle: what do you call a blank check company with no hard assets that holds a multimillion dollar IPO? But the answer is very real: SPACs (special purposes acquisition companies) are an alternative to traditional IPOs that have exploded in popularity.

What’s a “blank check company?”  A blank check company is an exchange-listed shell company that, according to the SEC, has “no specific business plan or…its business plan is to engage in a merger or acquisition.”

The purpose of a SPAC is to raise money to acquire a privately held company. Think of it as crowdfunding on a massive scale. First, the SPAC sells shares of itself in an IPO. Then it uses the IPO proceeds to fund a merger between itself and a target company. When the merger is complete, the SPAC’s shareholders become shareholders in the target company. Investors buy SPAC shares based on their confidence that the SPAC’s management will complete the merger, and the anticipated value of the shares after the merger.

SPACs have grown by leaps and bounds in recent years, and the growth is only accelerating. The amount raised by SPAC IPOs in 2020 more than quadrupled the amount they raised in 2019. According to Reuters, the total value of SPAC mergers in 2021 has already exceeded the total size of SPAC mergers for all of 2020.

What does this mean for regulations?

As investor excitement around SPACs has heated up, there are indications that the SEC is beginning to take a closer look at this new kind of IPO. On March 10th, the SEC issued a warning against investing based on celebrity involvement with a SPAC. Celebrities with high-profile ties to SPACs include A-Rod, Shaquille O’Neal, Serena Williams, and former Speaker of the House Paul Ryan. Acting SEC Chair Allison Herren Lee recently warned of “more and more evidence on the risk side of the equation for SPACs as we see studies showing that their performance for most investors doesn’t match the hype.”

While none of this guarantees that new rules for SPACs are around the corner, it does make it more likely that FINRA’s Series 79 investment banking exam may begin to include mention of SPACs. They are a topic that investment bankers are increasingly likely to encounter in practice, and therefore are increasingly likely to be viewed as fair game for the exam.

Solomon Exam Prep is ahead of the curve with new material in our Series 79 Study Guide. Series 79 customers can find material on SPACs now included in the online edition of Solomon Study Guide.

Potentially testable points about SPACs include:
  • SPAC are formed by “sponsors,” commonly institutional investors or high net worth individuals, who are compensated with both a portion of the IPO proceeds, as well as an equity stake in the SPAC of up to 20%.
  • SPAC’s typically avoid committing to merge with a specific company, even if the SPAC was formed with the intention of targeting that company. The SPAC’s management may respond to changing market conditions by choosing a different target, subject to approval from the SPAC’s shareholders.
  • After a SPAC goes public, its shares trade freely on exchanges even before it completes a merger.
  • A SPAC must hold at least 85% of proceeds from its IPO in an escrow account.
  • The SPAC commits to return investor funds if it fails to complete a merger within a specified timeframe.
  • As a blank check company with no business operations of its own, a SPAC cannot take advantage of certain options available to more established securities issuers. For example, a SPAC is not permitted to make an electronic version of its road show presentation.

Solomon Exam Prep will continue to follow industry trends and how they affect your licensing exams.

Solomon Exam Prep has helped thousands pass their securities licensing exams, including the SIE and the Series 3, 6, 7, 14, 22, 24, 26, 27, 28, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 63, 65, 66, 79, 82 and 99.

Solomon White Paper: Optimizing On-Boarding in 2021, 7 Key Trends for the Securities Industry

Read Solomon Exam Prep’s analysis of the changing exam prep landscape and what your firm needs to optimize for these changes. Continue reading

The securities industry has experienced rapid change in recent years and the securities exam and securities licensing process has undergone substantial change as well. Solomon Exam Prep has been helping people pass securities licensing exams for nearly 20 years, and with the enormous change in the industry, we are sharing our top 7 most impactful trends in the securities industry as they relate to exam prep in a newly-published white paper titled “Optimizing On-Boarding in 2021: 7 Key Trends for the Securities Industry.” These trends have been gleaned through statistical analysis, and are based in Solomon’s deep understanding of the industry. Our goal is to give compliance and training professionals the tools to craft a unified, data-driven exam prep solution. 

Without the necessary tools, passing a securities exam can be an arduous process for new hires and firms alike. In 2021, it is more important than ever to maximize onboarding efficiency, so using an outdated exam prep solution simply won’t do. Click the download link below to read Solomon Exam Prep’s analysis of the changing exam prep landscape, and what your firm needs to optimize for these changes.

Solomon Exam Prep has helped thousands of students pass their securities exams including the SIE and the Series 3, 6, 7, 14, 22, 24, 26, 27, 28, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 63, 65, 66, 79, 82 and 99. Visit the Solomon Exam Prep website to explore all of our study options.

March Study Question of the Month

This month’s study question from the Solomon Online Exam Simulator question database is now available. Continue reading

This month’s study question from the Solomon Online Exam Simulator question database is now available.

***Comment below or submit your answer to info@solomonexamprep.com to be entered to win a $20 Starbucks gift card.***

This question is relevant to the Series 14, 79, 82, and SIE exams.

Question:

A research analyst who works for an underwriter that participated in an IPO may not publicly discuss or write a research report about the company until __________________.

Answer Choices:

A. 30 days after the registration is filed 

B. 20 days after the securities are issued

C. 10 days after the date of the IPO

D. 30 days after the date of the IPO

Correct Answer: C – 10 days after the date of the IPO

Explanation: A research analyst who works for an underwriter of an IPO must not discuss or write a research report about the company for 10 days after the IPO.  This 10-day period of silence is called a ‘quiet period.’ There is no quiet period for EGCs (emerging growth companies). 


To explore free samples of Solomon Exam Prep’s industry-leading online exam simulators for the SIE, Series 14, Series 79, Series 82, and many more exams, visit the Solomon website here.

Online Testing Now Available for the Series 3 Exam

For those planning to sit for the National Commodity Futures Exam, or Series 3, FINRA is now offering candidates the option to take the exam online via Prometric’s ProProctor platform. Continue reading

For those planning to sit for the National Commodity Futures Exam, or Series 3, FINRA is now offering candidates the option to take the exam online via Prometric’s ProProctor platform. 

Since mid-2020, FINRA has offered online delivery of certain securities exams via the ProProctor remote service, allowing you to choose where and when to take your exam.

The ProProctor platform features an easy-to-use interface and 24/7 proctor support for a smooth test-taking experience. But it’s a good idea to be aware of the technical and security requirements before sitting for your exam remotely. 

In addition to the Series 3 and other NFA exams, these exams can be taken online: the Securities Industry Essentials (SIE), Series 6, Series 7, Series 63, Series 65, and Series 66 exams. 

For detailed information about taking exams online, including technical and procedural specifications, visit FINRA’s information page: https://www.finra.org/registration-exams-ce/qualification-exams/testonline  

And to read a first-hand description of the remote testing experience, see this blog post from August 13, 2020: https://solomonexamprep.com/news/finra/know-what-to-expect-testing-online-with-proproctor-from-prometric/

Know What to Expect: Testing Online with ProProctor from Prometric

FINRA partner Prometric has developed ProProctor for online, remote test taking. Here are some takeaways about the process. Continue reading

Lucas Rumpeltes of Solomon Exam Prep passed the SIE Exam with ProProctor

In person licensing exams have been a staple in the securities industry for decades, but with the novel Coronavirus COVID-19, FINRA has been tasked with providing a safer method for testing. Given this, FINRA partner Prometric has developed a new product titled ProProctor for online, remote test taking. Prometric is a giant in the testing industry, and operates hundreds of testing centers.

With all this as the backdrop, one month ago I was tasked with studying for and taking the SIE as a junior associate at Solomon Exam Prep. Using the ProProctor product seemed like the most convenient way to take the exam, and proved easy enough. However, for the benefit of Solomon exam takers, I would like to share some takeaways about the process.

I registered for the test three weeks ahead of time on the Prometric website, and there were still many time slots available, but the most convenient ones had been taken. The most feasible slot for me ended up being at 7:45 AM, so if you prefer to test later in the day, register ahead of time!

I immediately received a confirmation email detailing all of the procedures that I would need to follow for test day. It was a lengthy email. This is due to Prometric’s desire to avoid cheating and duplication of the test, so they are rightfully cautious. The full procedures can be found in this PDF. That being said, there are a few procedures that are very important to understand ahead of time. First is your testing environment. Ideally one is able to test in a bare, white room, at a desk, with no decorations of any kind. However, this is not always possible, so it is helpful to have a bed sheet or tarp on hand to cover anything that your proctor determines to be unacceptable. Furthermore, you cannot have any interruptions during the test, so it is imperative to notify your office mates! Prometric also recommends having a mirror on hand for the check in process. Ultimately, this is simply for the purpose of inspecting your laptop keyboard/screen if you cannot remove your webcam, so a medium sized mirror is fine. The more easily you can position it in front of your screen the better (I did not take my own advice here and had a giant mirror, which was tough to position so that my proctor could see my keyboard).

Leading up to the exam day, you should do one of Prometric’s system readiness checks, test your microphone specifically, and download/install their application. On exam day, you will be asked to follow a unique web link that is in your confirmation email to launch your exam. Once there, you will input user specific information, and it will automatically launch the application. Be warned, once you launch the exam application, you cannot access any other settings or applications on your computer, so adjust your volume or microphone controls ahead of time. Once there, you will be asked to photograph yourself, take a picture of your photo ID, and you will be sent to the security proctor.

Ultimately two different proctors will communicate with you. The process for meeting with them is seamless, and they will answer any questions you may have. The first will conduct the security checks and you will have a webcam view of them. The security checks are detailed on the ProProctor website, as well as in the confirmation email, but here are a few tips. I wore pants with lots of pockets, which was a mistake. Wearing as few items of clothing as possible, with as few pockets as possible, is helpful because they will ask you to empty them. Additionally, they advise no jewelry. Ideally, the only things in the testing room are you, your photo ID, and your computer. There is nothing else allowed (with the exception of tests that have certified testing materials).

The security checks also include room checks, which necessitates either an external webcam or an easily portable laptop. The fewer furniture items in the room, the easier the check will be. Finally, the security proctor will detail their break policy. I did not use the break, and it should ultimately be seen as an emergency asset. The test time does not stop while you take it, and you will have to redo all security checks upon returning.

Once all of the security protocol is over with, your security proctor will pass you on to another proctor. The new proctor will greet you via the application chat, but you will not see them on screen. They will, however, see your video and hear your audio. Additionally, they prohibit you from speaking out loud during the exam. You may mouth or whisper the words, but they do not allow you to speak. Once the exam commences, it is straightforward. There is a calculator in the application, as well as a “scratch pad” where you may type things. Be warned, you may not go back to questions once you move on.

When I was taking the SIE, I felt confident once I got to this point, since I was mostly worried about complying with the security checks. However, there is protocol from Prometric should you be disconnected from the application for any reason. I was disconnected with just six questions left (!), so it would have been helpful to know this ahead of time. Needless to say, I panicked. Prometric recommends a wired internet connection for this reason, but I gambled with wifi. Ultimately this was not the reason I was disconnected (my internet connection was fine), but the application automatically closed and I was forced to consult the FAQ.

From here, Prometric recommended that I check my internet connection, wait three minutes, restart my computer, and relaunch the exam. This proved to be perfect advice, and I was readmitted to the system. I had to re-do the entire security check with a new set of proctors, but my test time was paused and my progress had been saved. I finished my last six questions without a hitch. In other words, if you are disconnected, do not panic and simply follow their directions on the FAQ. If the issue persists, they recommend that you contact support.

As with the in person exams, my preliminary results were shown at the conclusion of the exam, and I was free to continue with my work day. All in all, the process was relatively user-friendly, and well worth it since I was able to avoid going to a testing center.

Now Available: Series 24 Audiobook, 4th edition

Solomon Exam Prep is excited to release the 4th edition of Solomon’s Series 24 Exam Audiobook. The Solomon Audiobook is a word-for-word reading of the 4th edition of Solomon’s Series 24 Study Guide.  Continue reading

Solomon Exam Prep is excited to release the 4th edition of the Solomon Series 24 Exam Audiobook.  The Solomon Audiobook is a word-for-word reading of the 4th edition of Solomon Exam Prep’s Series 24 General Securities Principal Exam Study Guide. 
 
Although the core content of the Solomon Series 24 Exam Study Guide is the same as the previous edition, Solomon Exam Prep has made the following changes in the 4th edition for this important FINRA principal exam:
 
  • Updated information related to new and changed FINRA rules
  • Added information on SEC Regulation Best Interest
  • Updated tax information for 2020
  • Updates to retirement plan information, most of which is related to the recently enacted SECURE Act which took effect on January 1, 2020 
  • Additional examples and questions to help reinforce important concepts
For those of studying for the FINRA Series 24 exam, Solomon’s Audiobook offers another great way to learn the Series 24 material. Because it’s available as both streaming audio and instant MP3 download, you can conveniently listen on the go with or without Internet access. Solomon Study Guides are written in easy-to-understand language, and Solomon Audiobooks are read by real people who are content experts. Audiobooks can be used in tandem with the Solomon Study Guide, Exam Simulator, and/or Video Lecture to create a well-rounded study experience benefitting a variety of learners. Curious about the many benefits of Solomon Audiobooks?  Visit our blog post to read more: https://solomonexamprep.com/news/study-tips/solomon-study-tip-listen-to-a-solomon-audiobook/
 
If you have a current digital subscription to the Solomon Series 24 Exam Audiobook, then you have been automatically updated to the 4th edition on your online Solomon account, at no additional charge. However, if you’d like to be reverted back to the 3rd edition, or if you have any questions about this update, please call us at 503-601-0212 or email info@solomonexamprep.com and we’ll be happy to help.
 
And if you’re planning to study for the Series 24 exam, you can explore Solomon Exam Prep’s Series 24 exam study materials here.  The Solomon Series 24 Audiobook is available as an individual item, and it is included in the discounted Audio Premium Package and Total Packages.

16 Study-From-Home Tips From Solomon Exam Prep

Get both general home-study tips and specific home-study tips for securities exams. Continue reading

GENERAL HOME-STUDY TIPS

  • Find a quiet place that you feel comfortable in – try to study in this same place every day
  • Unless you’re using your phone to study with, put the phone in another room.
  • Wake up early – getting started is the hardest part, and starting in the morning will make studying easier. You will get in several hours before you know it.
  • Make small goals.
  • Reward yourself – try to get up and walk around at least every 30 minutes. This will rest your eyes and mind.
  • If you start to feel anxious – take a deep breath, counting to four as you inhale, then slowly exhale, counting to seven as you exhale. Repeat. This will lower your anxiety. This is a good strategy to use before your exam.
  • Ask for help being accountable: find someone in your life to query you every day about what you have accomplished.
  • Go for a walk in a natural or green setting.  Studies show that your mind relaxes and you remember more if you take regular walks in a natural or green setting. 
  • Get a good night’s sleep – try to go to sleep at the same time each night and wake up at the same time. 

SPECIFIC HOME-STUDY TIPS FOR SECURITIES EXAMS

  • Read the Solomon Study Guide. Remember: the number one reason people fail their securities exam is they didn’t read the Study Guide.
  • If you’re having trouble reading the Study Guide, listen to the Solomon Audio Guide while you read the Study Guide.  
  • Read Exam Notes in the Resources folder.
  • If you don’t understand a question or concept, email Solomon’s Ask the Professor.
  • If you’re having trouble with something, create note cards and try to teach it to someone else. Becoming the teacher is the most effective tool to learn something you find challenging or difficult.
  • After reading the Solomon Study Guide, take at least six practice exams in the Solomon Exam Simulator.  
  • Use Interactive Review to review the Exam Simulator questions you get incorrect.

Solomon Exam Prep has helped thousands pass the SIE and the Series 3, 6, 7, 14, 22, 24, 26, 27, 28, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 63, 65, 66, 79, 82 and 99.  For more information, go to www.SolomonExamPrep.Com or call 503.601.0212.