This month’s study question from the Solomon Online Exam Simulator question database is now available. Continue reading
This month’s study question from the Solomon Online Exam Simulator question database is now available.
***Comment below or submit your answer to firstname.lastname@example.org to be entered to win a $20 Starbucks gift card.***
This question is relevant to the Series 6, 7, 14 and 79 exams.
Which of the following is not typically part of an underwriting agreement?
A. Description of the per-share underwriting spread
B. Description of a Greenshoe option
C. Terms between syndicate members and selling group dealers
D. Terms under which the underwriter can terminate the contract
Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The underwriting agreement, which is typically signed the evening before or the morning of the effective date of a securities issue typically includes the per-share underwriting spread, an over-allotment (Greenshoe) option if granted, and the underwriter’s termination rights. It also is the document that contains the public offering price or a formula to derive it.
On November 2, the SEC announced a collection of rule changes meant to, in the announcement’s words, “harmonize, simplify, and improve” its “overly complex exempt offering framework.” Continue reading
On November 2, the SEC announced
a collection of rule changes meant to, in the announcement’s words, “harmonize, simplify, and improve” its “overly complex exempt offering framework.” The changes affect Regulation A, which governs small public offerings; Regulation D, which governs private placements; and Regulation CF, which governs crowdfunding. This system of exemptions allows various small offerings to avoid the normal registration process required by the Securities Act.
The rule changes should provide a clearer choice as to which exemption is most appropriate to an issuer, based on how much the issuer needs to raise and other factors.
The changes also seek to clarify how issuers can avoid “integration” of exempt offerings. Integration is the risk that exempt offerings will be considered a single offering by the SEC, because the offerings are too similar.
Highlights of the changes include:
- If two exempt offerings are conducted more than 30 days apart, they are almost always protected from integration.
- An issuer can “test the waters” with potential investors before deciding which exemption it will use for an offering. Test-the-waters communications solicit interest in a potential offering before the issuer has filed anything with the SEC. Previously, an issuer could only test the waters after deciding that its potential offering would take place under Regulation A.
- Caps on the amount that may be raised through these exemptions have been increased:
- Crowdfunding: from $1.07 million to $5 million
- Regulation A, Tier 2: from $50 million to $75 million
- Regulation D, Rule 504: from $5 million to $10 million
- Make “bad actor” exclusions more consistent across different exemptions.
The rule changes will take effect early next year. Until the changes take effect, securities exam questions will continue to be based on the old rules. FINRA Exams affected by these rule changes include the SIE, Series 6, Series 7, Series 14, Series 22, Series 24, Series 65, Series 66, Series 79, and Series 82.
If you’re a newly promoted principal at your firm, FINRA may have just delivered you some good news. Continue reading
If you’re a newly promoted principal at your firm, FINRA may have just delivered you some good news.
In response to current events, FINRA has adopted a temporary rule change giving many new principals until December 31st to complete their FINRA exams.
To qualify for the extension, the principal must have been promoted from representative by her firm before September 3rd.
Among the principals included in the extension are General Securities Principals (Series 24), Financial and Operations Principals (Series 27 or 28), Investment Company/Variable Contract Limited Principals (Series 26), and Compliance Officers (Series 14).
The extension also applies to one rep-level license. Operations Professionals (Series 99) hired before September 3rd also have until December 31st to pass their exams.
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